Maintained Schools

The majority of state schools are ‘maintained’ by the Local Authority. All maintained schools follow the national curriculum, national pay and conditions, and are overseen by the Local Authority.

There are four main types of maintained schools.

Their differences are over:

  1. Who employs the staff;
  2. Who owns the land and buildings;
  3. And who controls the admissions arrangements.

Community schools

  1. What are they? Schools run entirely by the Local Authority.
  2. How are they run? The Local Authority employs the staff, owns the land and buildings and determines the admissions arrangements.

Foundation and trust schools

  1. What are they? Schools run by their governing body.
  2. How are they run? The governing body employs the staff and sets admissions criteria. Land and buildings are usually owned by a charity or by the governing body.

Voluntary Aided schools (VA schools)

  1. What are they? Faith schools are usually VA schools.
  2. How are they run? The governing body employs the staff and sets admissions criteria. Land and buildings are usually owned by a religious organisation.

Voluntary Controlled schools (VC schools).

  1. What are they? Like VA schools but the Local Authority runs the school.
  2. How are they run? The Local Authority employs the staff and sets admissions, but the land and buildings are usually owned by a charity such as a religious organisation

Other types of school

Independent schools

  1. What are they? Schools independent from both national and local government in finances, governance and operations. They are regulated lightly by government and inspected by a range of bodies.
  2. Who sets them up? Independent schools vary from those set up by foundations in the middle ages through to new companies and charities running schools.
  3. How are they run? They are funded by school fees, gifts and endowments and governed by an independently elected board of governors.

Grammar schools

  1. What are they? Schools which select their pupils on academic ability (NB grammar schools can be maintained)
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